Manual Sport in Action: Traditional Games, children and development
Realizing the high influencing capacity that play and sport has in developing and promoting behavioral formation and change, Sport In Action (SIA) has designed this resource document for persons working with children in schools and communities.
The document presents ways and means of planning and conducting play and Sport for Children activities and selected Zambian traditional games integrated with HIV/AIDS and Child Rights education. We have found it necessary to include a sport administration component that deals with leadership, sponsorship, communication and event organization. We believe that this document will help ensure that sports structures especially at community and school levels are functional and operate effectively to facilitate the smooth running of sports activities. We have been inspired to compile such a document by the experiences and testimonies that some of our project staff and project committee members have had, furthermore by the fact that most of the school and community sports club leaders have little or no training in either sport coaching/teaching or administration. Schools have no Physical Education literature hence the inclusion of adopted and adapted text from "Developmental Physical Education" by Gallahue, D. L.
Being the first Zambian sport Non-Governmental Organization to operate, we have definitely faced a lot of challenges but these challenges have been outweighed by the enormous encouragement from communities, colleges and schools that have undergone training in the 34 workshops we have conducted from 1999 to 2002. The design of this document is therefore, guided by a lot of experience that we have gained in these very rich encounters with so many community project leaders, community club coaches Physical Education college students and school teachers. Our approach has evolved from experience to experience. This package is therefore, based on a needs assessment done over a period of two years.
In the last 12 years, the majority of the Zambian child has become underprivileged in sport and recreation due to the reduction in organized sport in communities and physical education in schools. During our case study on this issue, a number of education professionals cited several reasons but the most prominent being the lack of facilities and equipment to sustain the conventional sporting activities. This situation has led to anti-social behavior and unhealthy living or lifestyles like theft, rape, drug abuse and unprotected sex. As a solution to the problem caused by lack of funds to purchase equipment and maintain or create conventional sport facilities, we began a process of research on other ways by which children in schools and communities can be given the opportunities to take part in some form of developmental physical activity which would give the same value of learning to move and learning through movement as the conventional sport and physical education. The result of this process was the promotion and development of Zambian traditional games. We are glad that a good number of schools and communities have taken up this program. A number of community and Government schools have introduced and reintroduced Physical Education.
We wish to express our gratitude to Clement Mubanga Chileshe, Executive Director of Sport In Action, for providing this extensive (100 pages) and highly practical manual ( pdf).
SECTION 1: Sport for Children
SECTION 2: Zambian Traditional Games
SECTION 3: Leadership
SECTION 4: Event Organization
SECTION 5: Sponsorship
SECTION 6: Communication
SECTION 7: Meetings at Club Level
I. Child Rights
II. Basic Facts on HIV/AIDS
III. Workshop Program Example
© UNICEF/Azerbaidjan 040605F-credit Giacomo Pirozzi